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Title: Ethanol transportation: status of research, and integrity management
Category: Technical papers from the Journal of Pipeline Engineering
Downloadable: Yes 
Project No.:
Research Agency:
Catalog No.: 2156s
Date of Publication: Mar 1 2009 12:00AM
Price: $25.00 US
Authors: Dr John Beavers, Patrick Vieth, and Dr Narasi Sridhar
Abstract: THE PIPELINE INDUSTRY is undertaking considerable research to determine the best approach to manage the potential for internal stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) to occur while transporting fuel-grade ethanol (FGE). Based on the results to date, it appears that FGE meeting the ASTM D 4806 specification can cause SCC of carbon steel. The parameters that affect the potential for SCC (oxygen, water, etc.) are understood, and the research is now focused on methods to reduce the likelihood of SCC. The current state of the research is discussed.


1. R.D.Kane and J.G.Maldonado, 2003. Stress corrosion cracking of carbon steel in fuel grade ethanol: review and survey. API Technical Report 939-D, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, September.
2. Energetics, Inc., 2007. Safe and reliable ethanol transportation and storage technology roadmapping workshop, October 25-26, Dublin, Ohio.
3. R.D.Kane, N.Sridhar, M.Brongers, J.A.Beavers, A.K.Agrawal, and L.Klein, 2005. Materials Performance, 44, 12.
4. R.D.Kane, D.Eden, N.Sridhar, J.Maldonado, M.P.H.Brongers, A.K.Agrawal, and J.A.Beavers, 2007. Stress corrosion cracking of carbon steel in fuel grade ethanol: review, experience survey, field monitoring, and laboratory testing. API Technical Report 939-D, 2nd Edn, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, May.
5. N.Sridhar, K.Price, J.Buckingham, and J.Dante, 2006. Corrosion, 62, 8, pp687-702.
6. J.A.Beavers, M.P.Brongers, A.K.Agrawal, and F.A.Tallarida, 2008. Prevention of internal SCC in ethanol pipelines. NACE, Corrosion 2008 Conference, New Orleans, LA, March, Paper 08153.
7. J.A.Beavers and N.Sridhar, 2008. Unpublished results, PRCI SCC Program.
8. J.G.Maldonado and N.Sridhar, 2007. SCC of carbon steel in fuel ethanol service: effect of corrosion potential and ethanol processing source. Corrosion, Paper 07574, Houston, TX, NACE International.
9. J.A.Beavers, N.Sridhar, and C.Zamarin, 2009. Effects of steel microstructure and ethanol-gasoline blend ratio on SCC of ethanol pipelines. NACE, Corrosion 2009 Conference, Atlanta GA, March, Paper 095465.
10. J.A.Beavers, N.G.Thompson, and K.E.W.Coulson, 1993. Effects of surface preparation and coatings on SCC susceptibility of line pipe: Phase 1 – laboratory studies. Corrosion, NACE Paper 597, New Orleans, LA, March.

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